tree Wych Elm (Ulmus glabra). The Wych Elm reaches heights of 40m, typically with a broad crown. It was by far the most common elm in the north and west of the British Isles and is now acknowledged as the only truly native species.

leafThe leaves are deciduous, alternate, simple ovate with a lop-sided base, 6-17cm long and 3-12cm broad.

flowers The clusters of tiny, bell-shaped flowers open in late February and March, well before the leaves. The fruit is flattened, broadly winged, penny-sized and light green, with a single seed in the centre. seeds

seeds

The wood is very durable in wet conditions. It was once used to make underground water pipes and is still used for groynes and harbour works.